This weekend the University of British Columbia hosted an alumni weekend and one of the events (the only one I attended!) was a panel discussion titled – Should fighting be banned from hockey? I went with my hockey blogger hat on and was very pleased with the discussion that took place. I must commend UBC Alumni Affairs for hosting a very balanced discussion on such a controversial topic.
The panelists were:
Doug Clement – Professor Emeritus, UBC Faculty of Medicine, former physician to the Vancouver Canucks (1992-1999), and former Olympic and Commonwealth athlete and coach.
Nazin Virji-Babul – physical therapist and neuroscientist, Assistant Professor in UBC’s Department of Physical Therapy and a Scientist at the Child and Family Research Institute. She is currently investigating the impact of concussion on the structure and function of the brain in youth ice hockey players.
Michael Gaetz – involved in the development of new procedures for the assessment and rehabilitation of concussions in athletes. He has 30 years experience playing competitive hockey and has been a Hockey Canada certified coach for over 20 years.
Ken Cavalier – A former collegiate football and rugby player, Cavalier received his PhD from Northwestern University and a law degree from UBC. He teaches courses on Sports Law, Media and Entertainment Law and Law of the Olympics.
Ryan Walter – former NHL player, Walter played for the Vancouver Canucks and won a Stanley Cup with the Montreal Canadiens. Walter has also been an NHL coach, hockey analyst and is currently the President of the American Hockey League’s Abbotsford Heat. (Side note: Walter was the only panelist in shorts and sandals. You can the boy out of the rink but you can’t take the rink out of the boy.)
The moderator for the session was Rick Cluff from CBC Radio One’s The Early Edition. A podcast of the entire session is posted online, please click the link at the bottom to listen, but if you would like the synopsis of the arguments and discussion that took place please read on.
The opening statements went as follows:
- Doug Clement – argues fighting should be banned but believes that the NHL would never do so because of the potential loss of revenue. He asked – is hockey sport or entertainment? He contends that UFC is fighting purely for entertainment and therefore has lost the essence of sport. (Not sure I fully agree with this argument because you could really say that about any professional sport regardless of whether fighting is involved or not.)
- Ken Cavalier – believes that fighting should be retained in hockey for fear of the unintended consequences that might take the place of fighting. He argues that without fighting other forms of violence would be encouraged (he did not really clarify what these forms might be). Cavalier was quick to interject “The Code” saying that there are rules of etiquette to fighting which makes it controlled violence and pointed to the Brashear and Moore incidents as independent of hockey fighting because they weren’t actually fights. He believes that more energy should be directed towards curbing head shots and concussive injuries rather than fighting.
- Michael Gaetz – doesn’t believe that hockey fighting is the issue if we are trying to minimize concussions. He explained that fighting only accounts for 10% of hockey head injuries and that falling into the boards and elbows are the culprits for the majority of concussions.
- Nazin Virji-Babul – argued against fighting because (1) youth look to professionals as the gold standard of the sport and (2), in her opinion, all hockey aggression stems from the “acceptance” of fighting.
- Ryan Walter – explained his argument as an “evolving opinion”. He was very adamant that what we see in the NHL is no longer a game, it is entertainment and every player understands the consequences of his employment, but he also said that he is not proud of the hockey fights that he took part in. He told the audience about how his own son received a punch during a junior hockey fight and 3 years later is not the same young man because of the concussion he received.
Personally, I have always loved a good hockey fight. I cheered for Rick Rypien when he could get 10 punches in before the other guy knew what was going on. I was also shocked and saddened when I found out about Rypien’s death. If there were a way to keep fighting in the game and ensure that players aren’t physically or emotionally scarred from the experience, I would say let’s do it. But I’m afraid the data, both anecdotal from former players and from researchers, is increasingly demonstrating that this is not possible. For me the big take-aways from this discussion were:
1.) Are we trying to eliminate fighting or are we trying to eliminate head trauma injuries? I think this is actually a pertinent question that isn’t posed enough. Are we disgusted with the barbarism of hockey fights or are we concerned about Crosby’s head? Which is worse for children to watch on television, a bloody fight or an unconscious player on the ice? The moderator opened the discussion by saying that perhaps Crosby’s greatest contribution to the game will not be any of his career successes but his medical record because his concussions have brought head traumas to the forefront of hockey conversations. I think the Crobsy, Kariya and Sedin injuries are all examples of terrible concussions that have nothing to do with hockey fighting. Now if we take Virji-Babul’s argument that fighting is the foundation upon which other malicious hits are spawned then maybe we are talking about the same animal. If we think about head shots, hits from behind and flying elbows as a form of intimidation then maybe they serve the same purpose as fighting. Maybe elbowing should now warrant an ejection from the game? Will that make the game safer?
2.) Doug Clement argued that the players aren’t responsible for any of the malicious hits, rather the referees are at fault. He contended that if referees were able to see the ice better and stuck to enforcing the rules rather than “letting them play” it would be a safer game. He also thinks that incorporating video-replays and more refs on the sidelines watching those videos (footballesque, I suppose) would make players more accountable for their actions. Clement then argued that there is less fighting in international hockey because the ice is bigger (promoting a skating game), there is better rule enforcement by the referees and because the culture is different. The rebuttal from Gaetz was that despite the fact that there is no fighting allowed in the Swedish Elite League their rates of concussion are similar to those of the NHL, hovering around 12-13%. Thus, this brings us back to point #1 – are we trying to eliminate fighting or make hockey safer? They seem like the same argument but the statistics add an interesting dynamic to the discussion.
3.) Ryan Walter spoke about parents putting too much emphasis on their children making the pros. In Canada, we have over 500,000 children participating in ice hockey and less than 1% of those children will make the NHL, but every parent believes that their kid is in that 1%. He said that he has found young players texting the “goon” on the opposing team before games to set up a fight during the second shift of the third period. Walters argues that the funnel of Canadian hockey starts very broad but closes very quickly and arguably, the pressure put on children by their parents makes them think that fighting is a viable route to get to the pros.
Walter came back to the point of parents and coaches repeatedly, which I thought was very intruiging. He argued that the professionals do not have nearly as much emphasis on children watching than do their own coaches; and, said that there has been “an abdication of leadership at the lower levels” with too much emphasis placed on the NHL. The NHL, in his opinion, is not going to change its tune because it is driven by revenues but each minor hockey coach has the ability to influence twenty kids. Thus, he thinks that more resources should be put into proper coaching because, as we all know in North America, its Billy’s dad or Annie’s mom who is coaching the local team. But is Billy’s dad or Annie’s mom properly equipped with the knowledge and values to coach our children? Walter argued that in Europe coaches must have coaching certifications, and much more intensive certifications than the 2-hour sessions provided by provincial hockey associations in Canada.
4.) Virji-Babul asked – what would happen if fans didn’t cheer for hockey fights? I thought this was a provocative thought, kind of like – if a tree falls in the forest and there’s no one there to hear it does it make a noise? It would be interesting if two heavy weights circled up ready to fight and the stadium went silent, or people started leaving. The reply from Walter was that as a player he doesn’t remember anyone from the stands. As high performance athletes they are trained to focus on the task at hand and nothing else. Nonetheless, I would counter that we have seen enough players come out of a fight egging on the crowd and waving their finger in the air that clearly they do notice the audience from time to time.
5.) Doug Clement asked – has there ever been an enforcer who wasn’t from North America? The moderator argued that Chara could be considered an enforcer but I’m not sure how intimidating he would be if he were 6″0. It has become quite apparent that vigilante/frontier justice is very much aligned with Canadian (North American) ideals of masculinity but hockey is now a global game so should we account for multiple interpretations of masculinity or do we keep fighting because it has origins in the game? Do you hold on to tradition or progress with the times?
6.) A comment from the audience came from a dad who coaches minor hockey in London, Ontario. His team was being used as research subjects for a concussion study and once the OHL (Ontario Hockey League) caught wind of unfavourable results the OHL banned the research team from continuing their research. Makes me wonder how often these types of things happen. Obviously the fear is that if hockey data proves that it is extremely dangerous rates of participation will decrease but why are we not jumping on the chance to make the greatest game on earth, in my opinion, safer so that more people can enjoy it?
In conclusion, I think Walter’s point of increasing responsibility onto parents and junior coaches is an important one. So often we chastise our athletes for being poor role models but there is very little research proving that role models as distant as those we watch on television have any impact on our individual behaviours. What does have an impact on our behaviours are mentors – people with whom we have regular contact. I think what many of us want is for the game to remain fast and hard hitting but to minimize the risks as best we can. I would argue that after this panel discussion that the larger concern is more surrounding head trauma than fighting. What I did not hear anyone talk about was the emotional and mental toll fighting takes on enforcers. This, I think, might be a stronger argument against the elimination of fighting. I suppose we could argue that the emotional toll that Rypien and Boogaard underwent was connected to the head traumas they received from fighting but I think the anticipation and fear of fighting can just be as debilitating.
I should also mention that former Canuck enforcer, Gino Odjick, was in attendance at the discussion. He still has his fighting form but no one really made a fuss about him being there. During the question period he raised his hand to try and get a microphone. They didn’t have time for his question and I don’t think the volunteers really knew who they had in the audience, which was unfortunate because I, for one, really wanted to know what Gino had to say about the subject at hand.
To listen to the entire podcast please click here.