Drop-In Ball Hockey at the YMCA: An Ethnographic Study

By Alvin Ma

“It’s fun to stay at the Y-M-C-A” goes the refrain of the famous Village People disco song. As someone studying sport policy, I decided to see if it’s true.

What is the experience of a new visitor to a Toronto-area YMCA drop-in ball hockey program? Some students at an English language centre where I occasionally teach have memberships at this particular YMCA location, which allows them to participate in drop-in ball hockey alongside other fitness programs. None of them (to my knowledge) has tried this sport, though some have considered participating especially after being “inspired” from watching hockey during the recent Winter Olympics.

I have played ball hockey extensively at various different settings. Some friends at one location would affectionately call me “Captain” because I would be the most outspoken in terms of enforcing fair play. To be honest, my understanding of “sportsmanlike conduct” was inspired by years of watching Don Cherry in his Coach’s Corner segment every Saturday night: “humble” but “vicious competitors” that exemplify the spirit of being “good ol’ Canadian boys” (Allain, 2011). Other times, particularly when I play drop-in hockey with complete strangers as a younger, smaller, and less-skilled participant, I want to blend in as seamlessly as possible without questioning the “old boy’s club” culture of playing hard and leaving non-hockey topics out of the conversation.

I attempted to share the perspective of a complete newcomer to hockey when I walked into this YMCA for the first time. After all, the YMCA in Greater Toronto’s website specifically has a section on “Newcomers.” People migrate to Toronto from all around the world, bringing with them a variety of different cultural experiences. Some international travellers may have encountered different experiences at YMCA locations around the world and they may have been drawn to the YMCA due to its international brand acclaim.

It should be noted that this case study of a YMCA location in Toronto is limited by time constraints and funding, as I do not have a YMCA membership and the cost of a one-day drop-in pass is $15, though the price is negotiable based on member referrals or socio-economic status. Compared to other ethnographies that take years to complete, the total amount of time I spent at this YMCA location is minimal. I spent eight hours over the course of two Wednesday evenings in March 2014 from 8:00 pm to midnight, with roughly six hours of playing time (both weeks from 8:10 pm to 11:00 pm) and two hours of formal interviewing (following the games). The content discussed throughout my day at work and in grad classes formulated theoretical ideas that swiveled in my mind during my visits to the YMCA.

One participant I interviewed says:

I like playing here but I’m disappointed with my performance. I’m more used to playing baseball than hockey, as my brothers are the ones who usually play this sport, but I should change…hockey’s a Canadian sport and I should be a better Canadian, you know?

This quote characterizes the mythical status that hockey holds in Canadian society, particularly in the nationalistic aftermath of the 2014 Sochi Olympics when Team Canada won both the men’s and women’s ice hockey gold medals. While we cannot dismiss the opinions of those whose motivation for participation is driven by patriotism, it is problematic if performance is emphasized too much.

I also interviewed a volunteer coordinator who has played at this YMCA for over 30 years, who says:

We’re very welcoming and treat beginners and the odd female player well. They don’t get aggressive and they give them extra chances…but some players are competitive and if they think you can play at their level, they will play extra hard and try to beat you.

Contrary to Hockey Canada “Relax, It’s Just a Game” promotional advertisements, sport matches are often more than mere games for some players who value hyper-masculine aspects of the “performance ethic,” which places an emphasis on striving for distinction and the pursuit of excellence even if it means playing through pain (Coakley, 2004). While emphasis on high performance can be problematic, many fans of professional sports admire the trait of doing anything to win, including myself to a certain extent. My favourite professional hockey player growing up was Trevor Linden because he often raised his performance in playoff games despite playing with broken ribs among other injuries, prompting one commentator to exclaim: “He will play, you know he’ll play, he’ll play on crutches!”

When asked about playing through pain, the same coordinator boasts of his similar competitive nature before taking a more nuanced approach for other participants:

I got hit on the head with a stick…put a bandage on and continued playing. I broke my nose, I broke my finger, I taped it up…for me, I’m here to play, and if I’m hurting, that’s not going to stop me from playing…However, everybody plays a certain way…the more skilled player or the average newcomer person doesn’t want to get hit that much. Some guys have to wake up early to work the next morning too. I always warn people when they first come that guys take slap shots so get out of the way if you don’t want to get hurt.

Although I heard the last tip and, as a forward, I am not known to block shots anyway, I felt that the dominant masculine social pressure was there to take the risk of injury. For a newcomer, the several stinging bruises and red marks on my skin from blocking shots and receiving slashes without padding might not be appealing.

Beyond ball hockey, supportive staff members and volunteers are central to the experience of a new visitor. If the new visitor is poorly treated, it is unlikely that he or she will proceed to play ball hockey in the gymnasium. By coincidence I happened to cross paths with a front desk volunteer at a different location in the city nearly a week after my last visit to the YMCA, who recognized me and encouraged me to continue my study. While it may be personally “fun to stay at the Y-M-C-A,” I know that these experiences may not be shared by everyone. YMCAs are united in their attempt to develop a healthy spirit, body, and mind, but YMCA locations in other countries – and even within Canada – operate with different community objectives. Nevertheless, the general emphasis is on opportunity for amateur sport participation. As I’ve written before: “The first goal [whether or not it takes place at the YMCA] is having fun.”


Allain, K. (2011). Kid Crosby or Golden Boy: Sidney Crosby, Canadian national identity, and the policing of hockey masculinity. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 46(1), 3-22.

Coakley, J. (2004). Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies. Boston: McGraw-Hill.


2 thoughts on “Drop-In Ball Hockey at the YMCA: An Ethnographic Study

  1. Pingback: 2nd CWHL All-Star Game: Views from the 6th Floor Media Gondola | Hockey in Society

  2. I really like the idea of playing ball hockey when I can’t get out on the ice! I have always loved playing out on the ice, but having a variation where I can go and play in shorts and a t-shirt like ball hockey sounds like a lot of fun. I’m going to have to look into some local ball hockey leagues and see what my options are! Thanks for the suggestion!

Please read our Comments Policy (in "About" section of the blog) before commenting. Comments will be screened for approval by an Editor before being posted.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s